When I was growing up, access to games was limited. My family had the standard assortment of board games, your Monopoly, your Risk, your Life. However, I remember walking through our local Yard Birds one day, and sitting at the bottom of a bookshelf, hidden in a corner, was a copy of Eric Lee Smith’s Civil War. To a nine-year-old, it was like an artifact from another planet. Two huge hex-covered maps covering the southern US? Hundreds and hundreds of counters, representing everything from Supply Depots to Grant and Lee (not to mention turkeys like Halleck and Burnsides)? An immense, detailed 60-page rulebook?
Of course, I never was able to finish a game of it, but I enjoyed working my way through the game mechanics. Throughout my childhood, wargames held a place of fascination for me – a very important, if largely theoretical, hobby. Wargames shops were hard to come by, so my collection ended up fairly random. My favorites tended to be simpler games that I can barely even recall how I first found them, ones like Raphia, Blackbeard, and Belter. The latter even inspired my gaming friends to develop our own spreadsheets and macros to help us manage the economic data – it was a tycoon game before its time.
It’s hard to say what effect wargames had on me. The ratio of time spent reading rules/collecting games compared with time spent actually playing them was pretty lopsided in favor of the former. No matter how many times my friend Eric and I failed to make it through a game of Third Reich, I always considered myself a wargamer. All the time spent learning rule sets left its mark on me. Wargames were an attempt to simulate combat before computers were capable of managing these mechanics for us, so I believe that my first “gameplay programming” experience came from trying to fit all these rules into my head as a cohesive whole.
Today, of course, things are much different. Computerized strategy games have grown increasingly popular over the years, taking a huge bite out of the old bookcase wargaming industry. Nonetheless, the old games soldier on in relative obscurity. Eric discovered an interesting site called HexWar, which enables online play of a good chunk of the classic SPI wargame catalog. Their system for managing games between players is pretty slick for such a small outfit, obviously a labor of love.
Fortunately, most of these games on HexWar are fairly reasonable in scope (we’re not talking about SPI’s notorious monster games here), usually focusing on single battles and sharing a common rules base. More importantly, I am surprised at how fun these games still are! Playing against a real human with the computer handling the details is a real blast. I can’t believe how long I have spent fixating on exactly how I should arrange my front lines or how best to apply overwhelming force to an enemy position.
What impresses me the most about these old games is that they are actually quite simple; I am shocked to realize that “simpler” modern strategy games like Advance Wars are actually significantly more complex than the old hex-and-counters games featured on HexWar. Because the mechanics were built for humans to process, they have a clarity missing from today’s strategy games. Napoleon at Waterloo (the free game) has very little special casing, for example. Cavalry and infantry don’t even have special rules separating them; they are differentiated simply via higher or lower combat/movement values! I can also do the “chunky” math easily in my head – “okay, so I need to get the combat ratio to 12-4 to cross the 3-to-1 threshold.”
With the introduction of computing power, designers are often tempted to obscure game rules under the hood, so keeping wargames this simple is a bit of a lost art. In fact, their minimalism almost reminds me of Go. I’m not sure if these games could ever mean something to gamers who didn’t grow up in that by-gone era, but there are some remarkably elegant and beautiful designs here which have been left behind, hidden away over the years.
Further, Hexwar proves once again the appeal of asynchronous, turn-based play (which is supposed to be all the rage nowadays). Play-by-Email games never really took off, not because of the asychronous nature, but because transferring the save file by hand was such a pain. Hexwar’s system manages everything for you nicely with a downloadable client, but I would love to see a web-native version built using responsive AJAX techniques.
Unfortunately, their business model leaves something to be desired. Subscriptions cost a steep $14/month, and both players need to subscribe to be able to play the games. Only one free game is available. The system is just not built to spread virally as convincing one’s friends to jump in for a subscription is no easy task. If they dropped their price to $5/month and adopted a pay-to-host model, I wouldn’t be surprised if their business went up significantly.
Nonetheless, I am very happy to see the torch being carried for these old, classic SPI games. Aspiring designers could learn a great deal poking around in this hidden corner of the gaming world.
BTW, being a complete board game geek makes it an easy transition to the TBS genre. In fact, I was playing Civ 4 (again) about 20 minutes before I checked your RSS feed.
I would be willing to bet that most of the AI programmers that deal in the simulation genre were board game fans. (At least if the are old enough to have played any!)
We used to play World in Flames at uni.
Now that’s some heavy duty counter-gaming! lol
Funny that you should mention Advance Wars and play-by-email-style web clients in the same post; some time ago I ran across Advance Wars By Web, which is what you describe there, a (completely unofficial) adaptation of that series to a web format.
I’m curious about your comment “[…] designers are often tempted to obscure game rules under the hood, so keeping wargames this simple is a bit of a lost art.” Are you saying that modern designers have a tendency to make complex rules that are all handled by the computer?
Yes, I am saying that the fact that the computer can handle all the calculations allows the designer to be less strict about keeping the complexity down. This used to be seen as a good thing (perhaps still is in some corners), but I think it has led to bloated, fuzzy games. Sid used to call this “designing for the computer” instead of “designing for the player.”
I suppose, at the same time, there’s something to be said for the practice of deliberately inscrutable mechanics. Not as much in a strategic wargame, though.
Re designing for the computer:
Given the advances in UI, graphics and ingame help, there is no excuse for “bloated, fuzzy games”. I think we’ve passed the point where the problem was that the rules became to too complex for manageable gameplay with forseeable results, and into a wargame world where basic interface stuff that is in every other genre just doesn’t get done.
There is a difference between complex and complicated and I think that for too long wargames have conflated the two. All us strategy nuts have played complex games that we could learn in a matter of an hour or two – at least enough to get moving forward.
And just because a calculation is done by the computer doesn’t mean that the player shouldn’t be aware of how the calculation is being done. One of the great things about SSG’s Decisive Battles games is that so much of this information is made available with garish colors and basic odds.
One of the things I like about Civ 4, for example, is the fact that many of the numbers are exposed right there in the interface. In the diplomacy screen, you know exactly WHY dude is annoyed with you. On the map, you can actually SEE the influence map decaying as it spreads away from your cities. You could make the point that exposing the numbers is a slow leak in the immersion bubble, but it makes me feel more comfortable that there is a reason for why things are happening.
The major advantage of doing it on the computer, of course, is that it beats the heck outta manually looking up rules and charts when doing it in a board game.
As long as exposing the numbers helps the player not hinders. When showing the numbers leads to confusion, that’s a definite no no.
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I am currently playing on HexWar for first time. I too spent ages reading rules for games like “To the Green Fields Beyond” and “Art of Siege” and many others. Just finding a space in the house to leave a map with stacks of counters dotted around it for any length of time without my younger brother or parents bumping into it and trashing the whole game was always a problem. Growing up in a village in rural England meant that opponents were IMPOSSIBLE to find.
Hexwar seems to solve both these problems!
I’m tempeted by Hexwar but I really can’t tell how many players there are for any particular game. The subscription price is keeping me away.
I’m having a great time plating Advanced Tactics, WWII via PBEM right now, so maybe I’ll just stick with that, it’s paid for.
A great collection of games in Hexwar. Really a rare revival of the classical SPI games.
I came across this post when I googled my own name today, which I do from time to time (don’t we all?) and it was a pleasant surprise. It has been a pleasure to meet you in person twice over the past month and I look forward to seeing your new game and getting to know you better.
Thanks, Eric, it’s been great to meet you too – next time, I’ll push you to redo the Civil War (at least the topic, if not the earlier design) as a video game!
Hummm….. that’s an idea. I’ll think about it. 🙂
Thanks for the note. We need to catch up by phone soon. I’m involved in a really cool blockchain-driven fantasy football league startup. Really getting some good press on it.
I’ve moved to New Mexico, email and phone are the same.
PS. I emailed you about my recent MS Ride too.